Skip to main content
Communication, Art + Technology › Communication
SFU Student

Picture of the book cover, Tsawalk
This book speaks to the work that I am doing. The ways in which he amalgamates stories with academia and finds a balance between spirit and science, teaches me how I might do the same as I work with my Grandmother.

In Tsawalk: A Nuu-chah-nulth Worldview, E. Richard Atleo examines the ways in which several origin stories can be utilized within the ‘Age of Reason’ in order to provide a more balanced worldview that includes spirituality, intuition, faith and the like. Atleo writes in such a way that unites oral tradition with contemporary scholarship. He emphasizes the importance of evaluating Western culture’s affinity toward reason and science to the detriment of the human experience. He refers to The Passion of the Western Mind: Understanding the Ideas That Have Shaped Our World View, by Richard Tarnas which, “suggests that an unnatural separation between the human mind and heart/soul/spirit has taken place in Western philosophy, a sort of cultural and psychic lobotomy. The preeminence of human cognition, or reason, in Western culture constrains humans to focus on physical experience, subsuming soul, or spirit” (Atleo, 2004, p. xvi). 

In order to demonstrate this theory, Atleo uses storytelling. For example, in chapter four, “Quis-hai-cheelth: One Who Transforms,” he tells the story of Aint-tin-mit and relates it to biodiversity. Aint-tin-mit is an agent of transformation who transformed people into every manner of animal we know today, thus resulting in the biological diversity we see in every living thing. Atleo uses this to examine western ideology in connection with law and the environment. 

Constitutional, federal, state, provincial, and municipal laws are oriented around human issues and concerns, while Gitksan and Wet’suwet’en laws are oriented around human, animals, and spirits in an equitable, or balanced, relationship. Gitksan and Wet’suwet’en laws are typical of indigenous world views. These laws are meant to maximize the wellbeing of life forms, human and nonhuman…Violations of these laws have natural consequences since they create imbalances that undermine the equitable character of completed creation as it is experienced and shared by all life forms, human and nonhuman….Whether the current environmental crisis being experienced by the earth is explained by an indigenous worldview or by science, the conclusion is the same: the environmental crisis is a crisis of imbalance and disharmony between human and nonhuman. (Atleo, 2004, p. 63).

The Medicine Wheel teaches how we can live in balance, leaning not too much on any one aspect of the wheel. In my Grandmother’s teachings, reason is the gift of the black people; movement is the gift of the white people; time is the gift of the yellow people; and vision is the gift of the red people. Western philosophy has leaned too heavily on the gifts of reason and movement, without also considering the other gifts. This has resulted in catastrophic effects for the environment, and by default all living things upon the earth. 

Atleo uses this story to address such academic concepts as modernity and postmodernity, which demonstrates the accessibility of storytelling within western academia, releasing the hegemonic tendency toward western scholarship. He argues that the consequences of colonization in modernity brought us to the forefront of western philosophy, which has been a detriment to the human experience in its many forms. “If a postmodern perspective is not achieved, humans may not survive much longer, the pattern of life designed by modernity being so inherently destructive” (Atleo, 2004, p. 66). 

This book speaks to the work that I am doing. The ways in which he amalgamates stories with academia and finds a balance between spirit and science, teaches me how I might do the same as I work with my Grandmother. It is not enough to utilize only one perspective, however bridging the two brings about a more well-rounded and thorough examination of the social sciences. “[T]his could have serious implications for social, public, and other relevant human policies because the reality of the spiritual dimension also includes a moral, or value, dimension” (Atleo, 2004, p. 126).

SFU Student
Christina Coolidge is currently attending SFU as a graduate student in the department of Communications. She is the Indigenous Program Researcher with the Career Services department. Christina is a member of the Tsleil-Waututh First Nation and her matrilineal ancestry includes Metis (Cree and Scottish) from the Red River area. She hopes to help build a bridge between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous communities in order to better understand one another and to live together in a spirit of unity.
visibility  240
Apr 4, 2016

You Might Like These... Career Exploration, Indigenous Community Stories

The olympic torch
Olympic Sized Persistence Pays Off

If there’s someone who knows about the terrifying journey that is the work search, it is Marissa Nahanee. She worked on many world class events, including the 2010 Vancouver Olympic Torch relay and visits by Princes Charles and Edward. But Marissa’s job did not just happen to her - she had to work for it.

A picture of actor Justin Rain standing in front of a grey wall
We’re All Actors: CSI Interviews First Nations Actor Justin Rain

“Whenever there is an opportunity to share my experience with people, it usually doesn’t take much for me to jump on board,” states Justin Rain when I ask him about his experiences at a recent event co-hosted by Career Services and the Indigenous Student Centre, “Indigenous Peoples’ Career Stories.”

An indigenous grass dancer
Indigenous Career Services & The Dance of Success

My name is Mike & I'm originally from Little Black Bear’s Band in the Treaty #4 area. I am in my final year of a First Nations Studies degree. Our goal is to determine ways in which the Career Services team can better serve the indigenous student population.

You Might Like These... Indigenous Community Stories

Unsettling Reconciliation

Since the Truth and Reconciliation Committee convened in 2008, reconciliation has been an issue on many minds but what is reconciliation? Here, three community members explore some of the issues and realities behind reconciliation. 

Portrait of Alissa
Why Volunteer in the Aboriginal Community?

Alissa volunteers because she want to receive experience relating to areas of her studies in Criminology and her to fulfill her passion to help First Nations communities. Each of these organizations allows her to engage with Urban Aboriginal people. Learn more about her experiences.

three images of ernie smiling
Indian Ernie: Perspectives on Policing and Leadership FNSA Aboriginal Criminology Series

The FNSA Aboriginal Criminology Series Perspectives on Leadership and Policing is on January 28th at SFU Harbour Centre. Join them to hear from Sgt. Ernie Louttit. After 27 years with the Saskatoon Police Service, he is retiring and publishing his memoirs.